Demand Representation: Ratify Article The First

  • The intention of this page is to share information about a plan that has a chance of changing the way politics is currently done in America.
  • Corruption has changed the way politics is done. The United States has a way to reverse the damage, and every citizen can do their part to make it happen.
  • Do your congressional representatives really represent you? Do they listen to you? Try working within the system and you’ll likely get form letter responses and little or no action.
  • This system can be changed without violence, simply by citizen activism, as described below.
  • If representation is brought back to the local communities, the way the founders intended, then all voices will be heard and represented in national policy decisions. The people will hold their representatives accountable for their behavior and voting records.
  • The first step that must happen is for each state to ratify the original first amendment of the US Constitution, which is still open under Article 5. It limits congressional districts to a maximum of 50,000 people.
  • Small districts are the key to changing the power balance. Most of America is currently unrepresented.
  • The people who will run for office in these small districts are those who care about their communities. They will not have to raise millions of dollars for a campaign. They will work smarter, using telepresence technology to work from their home districts – not in Washington DC where they are controlled by lobbyists and corporate interests.
  • To accomplish this goal, people need to organize in each state to get their state legislatures to introduce the following resolution and vote for it.
  • This is a task that can be accomplished by individuals and small groups – it is the right of every person – it belongs to all of us – not any political party, candidate, or special interest group. We can do this!
  • This plan can only work in the United States, but when it is done the world will take notice and the idea will spread – it cannot be stopped.
  • This action must start at each state legislature. It is simply a resolution calling for a floor vote. It is not state legislation, therefore it does not require committee deliberations, a reconciliation process or signature by the Governor. It requires persistent assertiveness of the people until it is ratified.
  • The amendment has already been ratified in the following 11 states:
    Kentucky, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Vermont, Virginia
    People living in these states can help the other states with their ratification effort.
  • Take this project and run with it – it is the right of everyone and belongs to no single person or organization. When you find a representative who will introduce the resolution, they can copy the following text into the form they use to introduce a resolution.
  • On the day that the resolution is introduced in the state legislature, people should show up at the state capitol and peacefully demand ratification. Any representative who does not ratify it is violating the social contract with the people that put them in office.

House Joint Resolution
Original Constitutional Amendment #1 (28th Amendment)
Offered by Rep. ______________________

WHEREAS, The First Congress of the United States of America, at its first session begun and held March 4, 1789, sitting in New York, New York, in both houses, by a constitutional majority of two-thirds thereof, adopted the following proposition to amend the Constitution of the United States of America in the following words, to wit:

“RESOLVED, by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, two thirds of both houses concurring, that the following (Article) be proposed to the Legislatures of the several States, … which (Article), when ratified by three fourths of the said Legislatures, to be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of the said Constitution, viz.: (An Article) in addition to, and Amendment of the Constitution of the United States of America, proposed by Congress, and ratified by the Legislatures of the several States, pursuant to the fifth Article of the original Constitution.

“Article the First. – After the First Enumeration, required by the First Article of the Constitution, there shall be One Representative for every Thirty Thousand, until the Number shall amount to One Hundred; after which the Proportion shall be so regulated by Congress that there shall not be less than One Hundred Representatives, nor less than One Representative for every Forty Thousand Persons, until the number of Representatives shall amount to Two Hundred, after which the Proportion shall be so regulated by Congress that there shall not be less than Two Hundred Representatives, nor more than one Representative for every Fifty Thousand Persons.” And

WHEREAS, on the last day of the 1787 Constitutional Convention, delegate Nathanael Gorham proposed a change in Article I, Section 2, Clause 4 of the new U.S. Constitution, to limit the size of a U.S. congressional district to 30,000 people rather than 40,000 people – and this was the only subject about which President George Washington felt strongly enough to publicly address the Convention, urging the revision to smaller districts because 40,000 was too large; and

WHEREAS, of the first 12 amendments passed by Congress on September 25, 1789 the subject amendment was placed in first position for the reason given by Melancton Smith at the New York ratifying convention: “We certainly ought to fix in the Constitution those things which are essential to liberty. If anything falls under this description, it is the number of the legislature”; and

WHEREAS in one of the Anti-Federalist letters, the prophetic ‘Cato’ admonished: “It is a very important objection to this government, that the representation consists of so few; too few to resist the influence of corruption, and the temptation to treachery, against which all governments ought to take precautions…” and

WHEREAS, Article V of the Constitution of the United States allows the ratification of the proposed Amendment to the United States Constitution by the Legislature of the State of ________________________ , and does not dictate a time limit on ratification of an amendment submitted by Congress, and the First Congress specifically having not provided a time constraint for ratification of the above-quoted Amendment; and

WHEREAS, The Supreme Court of the United States in 1939 ruled in the landmark case of Coleman v. Miller that Congress is the final arbiter on the question of whether too much time has elapsed between Congress’ submission of a particular amendment and the most recent state legislature’s ratification of same if Congress did not specify a deadline on the proposal’s consideration; and

WHEREAS, the Legislature of the State of __________________________ finds that the proposed Amendment is today even more meaningful and necessary to the United States Constitution than in the eighteenth century when submitted for adoption, given the level of corruption and lobbyist tampering resulting in multi-million dollar U.S. congressional elections and inability of the United States Representative to meaningfully interact with the citizens he or she is supposed to represent; and

WHEREAS, the original First Amendment was designed to avoid precisely what we suffer today: multi-million dollar campaigns for U.S. congressmen whose districts include up to 750,000 citizens and more – a population that they can never personally know, much less represent; and

WHEREAS, the proposed amendment to the United States Constitution has already been ratified by the legislatures of the following 11 states on the dates indicated, to wit: New Jersey on November 20, 1789; Maryland on December 19, 1789; North Carolina on December 22, 1789; South Carolina on January 19, 1790; New Hampshire on January 25, 1790; New York on March 27, 1790; Rhode Island on June 15, 1790; Pennsylvania on September 21, 1791; Vermont on November 3, 1791; Virginia on December 15, 1791; and Kentucky on June 24, 1792; and

WHEREAS, the original First Amendment did actually receive sufficient votes for ratification once Kentucky’s vote was recorded, due to the fact that the Connecticut House of Representatives in October 1789 voted to ratify Article the First, and the Connecticut Senate in May 1790 also voted to ratify it, and although the House sought by May 1790 to alter its vote due to a transcribing error, the Senate rejected the idea, thus technically, Kentucky’s 1792 vote was the twelfth vote in 15 states at the time, the original First Amendment thus having been ratified by more than three-fourths of the states, making this present-day campaign truly a re-ratification of the People’s original Right in the Bill of Rights; and

WHEREAS in 1993, the thirty-eighth State Legislature ratified the original Second Amendment, which had been ratified by the first State over 204 years earlier, at which time the Archivist of the United States declared it ratified as the Twenty-Seventh Amendment to the U.S. Constitution; and

WHEREAS this joint resolution only calls for the ratification vote of the original First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution under the stipulations of Article V thereof, and is not state legislation requiring committee deliberations, a reconciliation process or signature by the Governor; and

WHEREAS all due deliberation on this matter has been held on the floor of both Houses of this Legislature, it was found in the best interests of the people of _______________________________ that the ratification vote be held without delay, and such vote having been held in favor of ratification;

THEREFORE, be it RESOLVED, BY THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE _________ LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ___________________________, THE SENATE CONCURRING HEREIN, that the foregoing proposed Amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby ratified by the Legislature of the State of __________________________________; and be it further RESOLVED, that the Secretary of State of _______________________________ shall transmit certified copies of this resolution to the Archivist of the United States, to the Vice-President of the United States, and to the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives with a request that it be printed in full in the Congressional Record.